Pondering through The Christian theology reader by Alister E. McGrath

1.9 In his Summa Theologiae, Aquinas sets out five "proofs" for the existence of God:
  1. the argument from change
  2. the nature of an efficient cause
  3. the nature of possibility and necessity
  4. the nature of gradation
  5. the nature of the governance of things
All five have one element in common: the nature of ultimacy (my phrase). Basically, Aquinas theorizes that if there is a continuum, then there is a beginning/end.

While this certainly seems correct, I wonder if ultimacy is logically necessary or an assumption?


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