links added 042506
  • Kant: the transcendent is beyond the five senses
  • Reid: the transcendent is experienced directly
  • Fichte: morality is directly related to God
  • Schelling: creation "looks like" God
  • Hegel: history is an important dialogue partner; truth is more easily accessed in the honest dialogue of the whole community
  • Schleiermacher: the importance of absolute dependence and a life flowing from that dependence; religion has to do with people
  • Kierkegaard: knowledge of God requires a decision--a leap of faith; knowledge of God can come only from God; there actually are paradoxes
  • Feuerbach: religion can be an expression of irrational wants and needs more than an expression of reality; religion can be oppressive
  • Marx: history can drive ideas; progress is contingent; religious ideas can be used by the powerful to oppress the weak
  • Freud: the unconscious mind is a powerful force
  • Nietzche: will to power as a primary driver of human persons
  • Old Princeton Theologians: common sense experience gets us in touch with reality
  • Barth: theology should be done in the context of prayer and obedience; God is most fully revealed in Jesus Christ; the Word of God is Christ and Scripture; the Trinity is a key understanding in theology; the radical helplessness of humanity
  • Brunner: the imago Dei was not eliminated by the fall, therefore general revelation is important to theology; knowledge of God is always "thou-truth" and never "it-truth"
  • Bultmann: God is the transcendent One who stands before the human person at the point of decision
  • Reinhold Niebuhr: progress is not inevitable; bald optimism is not warranted; humans sin by choosing either pride or self-doubt; sin is both individual and social; humans should understand our condition and have the courage to act in faith
  • Tillich: all humans practice ultimate concern ("faith"); the truth of ultimate concern is located in its object not its practice
  • Moltmann: God is moved by our suffering; everything is heading toward a God-intended end and that end (the eschaton) helps us interpret now.
  • Pannenberg: theology as conversation: it must speak and be spoken to; something (most things?) are unclear until the eschaton; the one church must find its place in secularized society; theology is not a private matter
  • Process Theology: God is in real relationship with his creation
  • Liberation Theologies: Christianity must impact all aspects of life, making the present look as much like the Kingdom of God as possible; God cares deeply about injustice, therefore, Christians should care deeply about injustice

Related post: Plotting the Edges of Truth

See also Mark's discussion on related issues on Made to Praise Him:
Which is bigger?
The Spirit of Truth



  1. Wow! That's such a fascinating and thought-provoking list. It will take me time to follow all the links, but the one or two that I have followed already are helping me to place what I currently believe into a broader context, and open some interesting questions and avenues of thought, not only for myself, but also to better understand how others may view God and the Bible.


  2. the list is the fruit of my term thus fact the test is today (yippee). I plan to do another post summarizing where I think they have gone too far.

    Learning this stuff is helping clarify my theological views--and creatiing fodder for tons of further thought. So, we join a journey together.

  3. I don't think ever wrote the "where they went too far" post. Since Spring 2008 will include a comprehensive exam, I think this post just made it to the summer project list.